Key Nutrients For Structural Health

10. December 2011 05:31 by IKE in Body Health, Health  //  Tags: , , ,   //   Comments (0)

May is National Arthritis Month. Spearheaded by the Arthritis Foundation, it’s a time to increase awareness of this leading cause of disability. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, arthritis is the most common cause of disability in the United States, limiting the activities of nearly 19 million adults. By the year 2030, 67 million (25%) adults aged 18 years and older will have doctor-diagnosed arthritis. 

The word arthritis actually means joint inflammation. Arthritis comprises more than 100 different rheumatic diseases and conditions, the most common of which is osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint disease caused by the breakdown of joint cartilage, the connective tissue that cushions the joints. Other frequently occurring forms of arthritis include rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, fibromyalgia and gout. Although arthritis is more common among adults aged 65 years or older, people of all ages (including children) can be affected. 

Joint supporting nutrients
 such as glucosamine, MSM, chondroitin, hyaluronic acid, and devil’s claw help support optimal structural health. Joint support products.

Glucosamine is an amino sugar required for the synthesis of glycosaminoglycans, carbohydrate-containing compounds that are the major structural components of cartilage.1 Studies demonstrate that glucosamine is also capable of protecting connective tissues, relieving pain and reversing the progression of joint degeneration.1,2 

MSM is a naturally occurring sulfur compound. Sulfur is required for the production and repair of cartilage.3  MSM is also thought to have soothing and pain-reducing properties.4 Although MSM is found in many fresh foods, it is easily destroyed in cooking and processing. Thus, it makes sense to supplement the diet with MSM to ensure an adequate supply in the body.

Chondroitin is a sulfated glycosaminoglycan that is important in maintaining the structural integrity of connective tissue. Chondroitin sulfate is produced by chondrocytes and performs the important function of attracting fluid into the cartilage.1 This gives cartilage its spongy-like form, making it a good shock absorber. Evidence suggests that chondroitin sulfate protects cartilage and helps prevent cartilage breakdown.1,5 

Hyaluronic acid (also known as HA or hyaluronan) is a non-sulfated glycosaminoglycan that occurs naturally throughout the body.6 It is found most abundantly in the skin, cartilage, synovial fluid, and eyes.1 Hyaluronic acid plays a major role in joint lubrication and is critical in maintaining joint health. Research indicates that hyaluronic acid may prevent joint inflammation and the breakdown of cartilage.7,8 

Devil’s claw (Harpagophytum procumbens) is named for the tiny hooks that cover its fruit. Devil’s claw root has been used for thousands of years in Africa for pain reduction.9 Devils claw root contains phytochemicals known as iridoid glycosides, including harpagoside, that have soothing and anti-inflammatory effects.1 Studies show that taking devil’s claw root significantly reduces pain and improves physical functioning in people with joint pain.9 

References:
  1. Jellin JM, Gregory PJ, Batz F, Hitchens K, et al.  Pharmacist’s Letter/Prescriber’s Letter Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database.  9th ed.  Stockton, CA: Therapeutic Research Faculty; 2007.
  2. Reginster JY, Deroisy R, Rovati LC, Lee RL, Lejeune E, Bruyere O, Giacovelli G, Henrotin Y, Dacre JE, Gossett C. Long-term effects of glucosamine sulphate on osteoarthritis progression: a randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial.  Lancet. 2001 Jan 27;357(9252):251-6.
  3. University of Maryland Medical Center.  Sulfur. 2007. Available at: http://www.umm.edu/altmed/articles/sulfur-000328.htm Accessed April 20, 2010. 
  4. Kim LS, Axelrod LJ, Howard P, Buratovich N, Waters RF. Efficacy of methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) in osteoarthritis pain of the knee: a pilot clinical trial. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2006 Mar;14(3):286-94. Epub 2005 Nov 23.
  5. Baici A, Bradamante P. Interaction between human leukocyte elastase and chondroitin sulfate. Chem Biol Interact. 1984 Sep 1;51(1):1-11. 
  6. Laurent TC, Laurent UB, and Fraser JR. The structure and function of hyaluronan: an overview.  Immunol Cell Biol 74:A1-A7, 1996.  
  7. Balazs E: The physical properties of synovial fluid and the specific role of hyaluronic acid. Disorders of the Knee.  Edited by Helfet AJ.  Philadelphia: J B Lippincott; 61-74, 1982.
  8. Dougados M. Sodium hyaluronate therapy in osteoarthritis: arguments for a potential beneficial structural effect. Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2000 Oct;30(2 Suppl 1):19-25. 
  9. University of Maryland Medical Center. Devil’s Claw. 2007. Available at: http://www.umm.edu/altmed/articles/devils-claw-000237.htm Accessed April 20, 2010

Key Nutrients For Structural Health

5. April 2011 15:31 by IKE in Body System, Health  //  Tags: ,   //   Comments (0)

May is National Arthritis Month. Spearheaded by the Arthritis Foundation, it’s a time to increase awareness of this leading cause of disability. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, arthritis is the most common cause of disability in the United States, limiting the activities of nearly 19 million adults. By the year 2030, 67 million (25%) adults aged 18 years and older will have doctor-diagnosed arthritis.

The word arthritisactually means joint inflammation. Arthritis comprises more than 100 different rheumatic diseases and conditions, the most common of which is osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint disease caused by the breakdown of joint cartilage, the connective tissue that cushions the joints. Other frequently occurring forms of arthritis include rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, fibromyalgia and gout. Although arthritis is more common among adults aged 65 years or older, people of all ages (including children) can be affected.

Joint supporting nutrients
such as glucosamine, MSM, chondroitin, hyaluronic acid, and devil’s claw help support optimal structural health. Joint support products.

Glucosamineis an amino sugar required for the synthesis of glycosaminoglycans, carbohydrate-containing compounds that are the major structural components of cartilage.1 Studies demonstrate that glucosamine is also capable of protecting connective tissues, relieving pain and reversing the progression of joint degeneration.1,2

MSM is a naturally occurring sulfur compound. Sulfur is required for the production and repair of cartilage.3 MSM is also thought to have soothing and pain-reducing properties.4 Although MSM is found in many fresh foods, it is easily destroyed in cooking and processing. Thus, it makes sense to supplement the diet with MSM to ensure an adequate supply in the body.

Chondroitin is a sulfated glycosaminoglycan that is important in maintaining the structural integrity of connective tissue. Chondroitin sulfate is produced by chondrocytes and performs the important function of attracting fluid into the cartilage.1 This gives cartilage its spongy-like form, making it a good shock absorber. Evidence suggests that chondroitin sulfate protects cartilage and helps prevent cartilage breakdown.1,5

Hyaluronic acid (also known as HA or hyaluronan) is a non-sulfated glycosaminoglycan that occurs naturally throughout the body.6 It is found most abundantly in the skin, cartilage, synovial fluid, and eyes.1 Hyaluronic acid plays a major role in joint lubrication and is critical in maintaining joint health. Research indicates that hyaluronic acid may prevent joint inflammation and the breakdown of cartilage.7,8

Devil’s claw (Harpagophytum procumbens) is named for the tiny hooks that cover its fruit. Devil’s claw root has been used for thousands of years in Africa for pain reduction.9 Devils claw root contains phytochemicals known as iridoid glycosides, including harpagoside, that have soothing and anti-inflammatory effects.1 Studies show that taking devil’s claw root significantly reduces pain and improves physical functioning in people with joint pain.9

References:

  1. Jellin JM, Gregory PJ, Batz F, Hitchens K, et al. Pharmacist’s Letter/Prescriber’s Letter Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. 9th ed. Stockton, CA: Therapeutic Research Faculty; 2007.
  2. Reginster JY, Deroisy R, Rovati LC, Lee RL, Lejeune E, Bruyere O, Giacovelli G, Henrotin Y, Dacre JE, Gossett C. Long-term effects of glucosamine sulphate on osteoarthritis progression: a randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Lancet. 2001 Jan 27;357(9252):251-6.
  3. University of Maryland Medical Center. Sulfur. 2007. Available at: http://www.umm.edu/altmed/articles/sulfur-000328.htm Accessed April 20, 2010.
  4. Kim LS, Axelrod LJ, Howard P, Buratovich N, Waters RF. Efficacy of methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) in osteoarthritis pain of the knee: a pilot clinical trial. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2006 Mar;14(3):286-94. Epub 2005 Nov 23.
  5. Baici A, Bradamante P. Interaction between human leukocyte elastase and chondroitin sulfate. Chem Biol Interact. 1984 Sep 1;51(1):1-11.
  6. Laurent TC, Laurent UB, and Fraser JR. The structure and function of hyaluronan: an overview. Immunol Cell Biol 74:A1-A7, 1996.
  7. Balazs E: The physical properties of synovial fluid and the specific role of hyaluronic acid. Disorders of the Knee. Edited by Helfet AJ. Philadelphia: J B Lippincott; 61-74, 1982.
  8. Dougados M. Sodium hyaluronate therapy in osteoarthritis: arguments for a potential beneficial structural effect. Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2000 Oct;30(2 Suppl 1):19-25.
  9. University of Maryland Medical Center. Devil’s Claw. 2007. Available at: http://www.umm.edu/altmed/articles/devils-claw-000237.htm Accessed April 20, 2010

Great exercise tips to stop weakening of bones

30. May 2010 10:44 by IKE in Fitness  //  Tags: ,   //   Comments (0)

Nearly ten mil Americans have osteoporosis, and another 34 million have low bone mass, (osteopenia). A disease without symptoms, osteoporosis affects about 20 percent of men and 80 percent of women.

The bones gradually become weaker, they are more likely to break due to a minor fall or, if left untreated, even from simple things like a sneeze.
The most frequent fracture sites are hip, wrist and spine, although any bone in the body can be affected. A diagnosis of osteopenia or osteoporosis tend to be scary, leading most people to avoid exercisse because of fear it'll cause fractures.

The truth is that people with low bone mass should try to exercise regularly.


Being active is shown to not just help prevent osteoporosis, but slow bone loss once it has already begun.
Before beginning an exercising program, you should consult a medical expert for guidelines, as degree of bone loss determines exactly what exercise is best.
Physicians can assess bone mineral density and fracture risk by scanning the body with a special kind of X-ray machine.

In addition to exercise, treatment may include dietary modifications and/or estrogen replacement therapy.
The more you know relating to this condition, the more you can do to help prevent its onset.
To create strength and bone mass, both weight-bearing and resistance training exercises are ideal.
Weight-bearing workouts are those that require the bones to fully support your weight against gravity.
Examples are walking, jogging, stair climbing, dancing or using an elliptical trainer.
Non-weight bearing exercises include biking, swimming, water aerobics and rowing.
Weight-bearing activities which include walking less than 3 x a week may benefit the bones.
Strength training places mechanical force (stress) on our bodies, that might increases bone density.
Start by lifting light weights, moving in a slow and controlled manner, increasing resistance as you become stronger.


It's strongly suggested that individuals with osteoporosis avoid the following types of activity:

* Step aerobics and high-impact activities for example running, jumping, tennis.
* Activities that involve rounding, bending and twisting of the spine.
* Moving the legs sideways or across the body, particularly when performed against resistance.
* Rowing machines, trampolines.
* Every movement that involves pulling on the head and neck.

Exercise Tips:

* Even if you do not have osteoporosis, it is best to talk with your health care provider before you start a fitness program.
* Remember to warm up before starting and cool down at the end of every exercise session.
* For the best profit to your bone health, combine a number of different weight-bearing exercises.
* As you build strength, increase resistance, or weights, instead of repetitions.
* Remember to drink plenty of water whenever exercising.
* Vary the types of exercise that you do every week.
* Combine weight bearing and resistance exercise with aerobic exercises to help increase your general health.
* Bring your friend along to assist you keep going or better yet, bring your family and encourage them to be healthy.
* Add more physical activity to your day; take the stairs vs. the elevator, park further way, and walk to your co-worker's office as an alternative to emailing.


Put LIVE into action!

L  - Load or weight-bearing exercises make a difference to your bones
I   - Intensity builds stronger bones.
V - Vary the types of exercise as well as your routine to keep interested.
E - Enjoy your exercises. Make exercise fun so you will continue in to the future!



Specific factors boost the probability of developing osteoporosis.

While a few of these risk factors are controllable, others won't be. Risk factors that may be controlled are: Sedentary lifestyle, excess intake of protein, sodium, caffeine and/or alcohol, smoking, calcium and Vitamin D deficiencies and taking certain medicines.
Body size (small frame), gender, family history and ethnicity are risk factors that can not be controlled. Women can lose up to 20 percent of their bone mass in the five to seven years after menopause, which makes them more subject to osteoporosis.

It's never too soon to begin thinking of bone mineral density. About 85-90 percent of adult bone mass is acquired by age 18 in girls and 20 in boys.

Nutrition and Exercise for Healthy Bones when people are young and Adolescence

Much of the reserve of healthy bone is built in youth and before age 30.
Women may be more susceptible to an inadequate foundation process at this time than men.
Sufficient calcium intake,a comprehensive diet with a lot of vegetables and fruits and load-bearing exercise will be the secrets of solid bone growth when you are young.
Then, with continued exercise into old age –- and this goes for men too -- bone density decline could be kept to a minimum.
Although women will be the main focus of information about osteoporosis and low bone density (osteopenia), some men are also seriously afflicted by this problem.

Even if you do each of the right things while becoming an adult and into adulthood, your inherited characteristics –- your genes -– can present you with bones that are susceptible to osteoporosis. This is even greater reason to maximize your lifestyle to prevent poor bone health.


About the Author -
Michelle Aultman writes for the elliptical trainer for weight loss blog, her personal hobby blog related to tips to prevent osteoporosis trough home fitness.

Writer's note: The details provided on this post are designed to support, not substitute, the relationship that exists between a patient/site visitor and his/her physician.
Michelle Aultman has not professional intent and does not accept direct source of promotion coming from health or pharmaceutical companies, doctors or clinics and websites. All content provided by her is based on her editorial opinion and it's not driven by an advertising purpose.

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