20. November 2009 05:09 by IKE in Body Health, Health  //  Tags: ,   //   Comments (0)

Respiratory allergies are a major health problem for many people worldwide. Epidemiologic data indicate that the incidence of allergies is continuing to rise.1 Experts estimate that allergic rhinitis affects 20% of all adults and 40 % of children in the U.S.2 Allergic rhinitis is a leading cause of doctor visits and missed work/school due to chronic illness.2 Approximately 16.7 million physician office visits per year are attributed to allergic rhinitis.2,3

Allergies are due to an overreaction of the immune system to environmental substances.

Respiratory allergies can be caused by almost any airborne particle, but the most common triggers are animal dander, feathers, fabrics, dust, molds and pollen.Allergic rhinitis caused by a reaction to plant pollen is also known as hay fever.4

When an allergen enters the respiratory system of susceptible individuals, it triggers an allergic response. Cells called mast cells (a type of white blood cell) release histamine, which sets off a series of events that cause swelling and inflammation.5 In allergic rhinitis, the resulting symptoms include mucus production, sneezing, congestion, runny nose and itchy, watery eyes.

Allergic rhinitis can affect individuals throughout the year but is particularly prevalent during the spring season (from late May to the end of June) and is referred to as seasonal allergic rhinitis.

Respiratory allergies can occur in conjunction with, and contribute to the development of, other conditions. These include asthma and sinusitis.

BoostHerbs offers a variety of products that are commonly recommended to support the respiratory system as it battles seasonal allergies.


1. The UCB Institute of Allergy. Epidemiology. 2009. Available at:
Accessed March 12, 2009.
2. American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Allergy Statistics. 1996-2009. Available at: Accessed March 12, 2009.
3. CDC. National Center for Health Statistics: Fast Stats A-Z, Vital and Health Statistics, Series 10, no.
13. 1999. Web:
4. National Library of Medicine. Medline Plus: Allergic Rhinitis. 1997-2009. Available at: Accessed March 12, 2009.
5. The Internet Encyclopedia of Science. Histamine. 2009. Available at: Accessed March 13, 2009.

Herbal Products for Women’s Well-being

16. November 2009 14:46 by IKE in Body Health, Health, Herbs  //  Tags: ,   //   Comments (0)

Women have special needs. Their bodies go through cycles and changes from puberty through the senior years. While these changes are indeed miraculous, they aren’t always comfortable. Nature’s Sunshine has formulated three new herbal products to address some of women’s unique needs.

Cramp Relief—Relax those cramping muscles
Most women experience some degree of cramping during their monthly periods. For some women, menstrual cramps can be so severe that they are debilitating. Cramp Relief allows the body to relax contracted muscles and ease cramping.

Native Americans used the herbs in Cramp Relief to help ease all kinds of female discomfort. They believed that menstrual cramping was the body’s way of preparing for childbirth. However, in the case of severe cramps they used these antispasmodic herbs. Cramp Relief contains cramp bark, wild yam, black cohosh, lobelia and plantain. Most of these herbs are antispasmodic, and many of them support various body systems to help in the management of menstrual discomfort. Wild yam supports the female reproductive system. Black cohosh acts like estrogen and can help lift dark moods that often accompany female discomfort. Plantain helps relieve fluid buildup in the pelvic region that is sometimes associated with menstrual cramps.

Breast Enhance—A natural alternative for breast enhancement
Many women resort to high-risk surgical procedures to obtain shapely, firm breasts. However, breast augmentation is expensive and carries some weighty health risks. A less invasive, less risky and less expensive natural alternative exists and is available from Nature’s Sunshine.

Breast Enhance naturally enhances breast size and firmness. It contains kudzu, saw palmetto berries, dong quai extract and alfalfa. These herbs not only help enhance breast size, they may actually promote breast health as well as help maintain already-normal hormone balance, boost vitality levels, promote fertility and ease female discomfort.

Breast Enhance contains phytoestrogenic isoflavones (including genistein), vitamins and phytosterols. Studies show that isoflavone supplementation can increase the proliferation rate of breast lobular epithelium after 14 days of use. Isoflavones have been shown to mimic the hormones principally responsible for growth of breast tissue.

Breast Enhance can help women achieve the look they want without expensive and risky surgeries, while nourishing the body with the nutrition it needs to maintain breast health.

Menstrual Reg—Help for heavy menstruation
Heavy menstrual bleeding isn’t just inconvenient, it is also quite uncomfortable, especially when it is accompanied by cramping, bloating and mild mood changes. Menstrual Reg is designed to help reduce heavy bleeding while keeping hormones balanced.

Menstrual Reg contains several herbs that diminish bleeding and provide overall support to the female body. Yarrow, shepherd’s purse, nettle leaf and lady’s mantle help to slow and reduce blood flow, while sarsaparilla gets closer to the root of the process. Excessive menstrual bleeding is often caused by too much estrogen relative to progesterone. Sarsaparilla root appears to help enhance progesterone activity. Black haw can help ease cramped uterine muscles, while chaste tree and false unicorn help to support proper female hormone levels. Together these herbs may slow menstrual flow and lead to more comfortable periods.

Natural help for women’s concerns…from the natural health supplement leader.

NSP by Courtney Hammond

How to make juice. Tips for every day

12. November 2009 14:20 by IKE in General, Health, Nutrition  //  Tags: ,   //   Comments (0)

Juicing Tips

-          Always serve juice immediately. Juice is at its peak when freshly squeezed. After seconds, it starts to lose vitamin potency. So juice, stir and drink up! When juicing for a group do it just before serving.

-          Always turn the juice machine on before inserting fruits and vegetables.

-          When juicing a mix of fruit and vegetables, juice the softer items first, then follow up with a firmer one. For example, juice tomato first, then celery; juice papaya, the apple.

-          Bananas cannot be juice in any juicer. To enjoy their taste and benefit, add them to your juices in a blender. The consistency of banana will turn juice in a smoothie.

-          Use apples to sweeten vegetable juices.

-          The sweet taste of carrots blends well with fruit juices.

-          When you find juices you like you can try variations, adding other fruits or vegetables for a change of pace and added nutrients.

-          Juice the vegetable of your choice and stir sour cream or yogurt to thicken. If you want to watch your weight use non-fat sour cream or yogurt.

Citrus Tips

-          Orange and grapefruit peel is bitter in taste and it should be removed. When peeling, leave the pith on (white soft layer between peel and fruit) and juice it to get all the vitamins.

-          Lemons and limes are used to flavor dishes and may be left on for more flavors when juicing. Keep the pulp and add it to spice up Caribbean and South-of-the border style dishes as well as lemon or lime bars, cookies and pies.

Health tips

-          Drink Juice before meals can help to curb appetite

-          Adding vegetables and fruits pulp to cooked dishes aide the digestive tract, as well as providing additional vitamins and minerals.

-          Caffeine junky? Replace that morning cup with a glass of juice for energy and a boost that your body will appreciate.

Vitamin and mineral Health

Fruits and vegetables contain a wealth of nutrients. Get them naturally by fitting more of them into your diet through joys of juicing. Identify the properties which suit your lifestyle and health needs and drink up.

APPLE:                  boron, cellulose and pectin

CHERY:                  calcium, vitamin C, iron and potassium

CRANBERRY:      antibiotic and anti-viral elements

ORANGE:             natural aspirin and boron

PAPAYA:              vitamin A and potassium

PEACH:                 boron, antioxidants, vitamin C and beta carotene

PINEAPPLE:        bromelain, manganese and vitamin C

PRUNE:                sorbitol, natural aspirin (sorbitol is a natural laxative)

BEET:                     folic acid, iron, calcium and potassium

BROCOLI:             beta carotene, vitamin C, calcium, iron, folic acid and chromium

CABBAGE:           antioxidants, calcium and potassium

CARROT:              beta carotene, vitamin A and C, pectin, fluorine and potassium

KALE:                     antioxidants, calcium, iron, vitamin A and C

PARSLEY:             antioxidants, folic acid, iron, vitamin A and C

TOMATO:            beta carotene and vitamin C

SPINACH:            antioxidants, potassium, iron, calcium and vitamin C



Vitamins chart

5. November 2009 15:37 by IKE in Health, Vitamins  //  Tags:   //   Comments (0)

Vitamins. How much do we need and where do we take them from?


Vita chart

The term vitamin is derived from the words vital and amine, because vitamins are required for life and were originally thought to be amines. Although not all vitamins are amines, they are organic compounds required by humans in small amounts from the diet. An organic compound is considered a vitamin if a lack of that compound in the diet results in overt symptoms of deficiency.

When it comes to vitamins anyone knows that we need them. But do we know how can we have our body in a perfect balance? Here it comes. Plese check out this chart good for adoults and kids as well.

Vitamin A
Vitamin A helps cell reproduction. It also stimulates immunity and is needed for formation of some hormones. Vitamin A helps vision and promotes bone growth, tooth development, and helps maintain healthy skin, hair, and mucous membranes. It has been shown to be an effective preventive against measles

Deficiency can cause night blindness, dry skin, poor bone growth, and weak tooth enamel.

Alpha-carotene, beta-carotene and retinol are all versions of Vitamin A.
Daily Needed
Fruit Sources
Vegy Sources
Nut Sources
10,000 IU/day (plant-derived) for adult males
8,000 for adult females - 12,000 if lactating
4,000 for children ages 1-3
5,000 for children ages 4-6
7,000 for children ages 7-10
Most fruits contain vitamin A, but the following fruits have a significant amount:
Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
Vitamin B1/thiamine is important in the production of energy. It helps the body cells convert carbohydrates into energy. It is also essential for the functioning of the heart, muscles, and nervous system. Not getting enough thiamine can leave one fatigued and weak.
Note: Most fruits and vegetables are not a significant source of thiamine.
Daily Needed
Fruit Sources
Vegy Sources
Nut Sources
1.2 mg for adult males and 1.1 mg for women - 1.5 mg if lactating.
Watermelon Peas
No nuts contain a significant amount of vitamin B1.
Vitamin B12
Vitamin B12, also known as cyanocobalamin, is a water-soluble vitamin that is part of the B vitamin family. B vitamins help support adrenal function, help calm and maintain a healthy nervous system, and are necessary for key metabolic processes. Vitamin B12 is important to DNA synthesis and maintaining healthy nerve cells.Since we obtain vitamin B12 only from animal foods in our diet, deficiencies tend to develop among strict vegetarians, especially vegan children, who eat no animal products. However, the elderly, and those who are unable to absorb vitamin B12 from the intestinal tract are also at risk, as well as those who are pregnant or who suffer hemorrhage or intestinal disorders.
Daily Needed
Fruit Sources
Vegy Sources
Nut Sources
According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the average daily U.S. Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for people age 14 and older is 2.4 mcg; for adult and adolescent pregnant females, 2.6 mcg; and for adult and adolescent lactating females, 2.8mcg. People over 50 years of age should consume vitamin B12-fortified foods, or take a vitamin B12 supplement – 25-100 mcg per day has been used to maintain vitamin B12 levels in older people.The NIH recommendation for infants 0 to 6 month is 0.4 mcg; 7-12 months, 0.5 mcg; 1-3 years, 0.9 mcg; 4-8 years, 1.2mcg; and 9-13 years, 1.8 mcg. na na na
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)
Vitamin B2 or riboflavin is important for body growth, reproduction and red cell production. It also helps in releasing energy from carbohydrates.
Note: Most fruits and vegetables are not a significant source of riboflavin.
Daily Needed
Fruit Sources
Vegy Sources
Nut Sources
1.3 mg for adult males and 1.1 mg for women - 1.5 mg if pregnant/lactating.
Children need .6 to .9 mg of B2/riboflavin per day.
Kiwi Avocado No nuts contain a significant amount of vitamin B2.
Vitamin B3 (niacin) or PP
Niacin assists in the functioning of the digestive system, skin, and nerves. It is also important for the conversion of food to energy.
Daily Needed
Fruit Sources
Vegy Sources
Nut Sources
16 mg for adult males and 14 mg for women - 17-18 mg if pregnant/lactating.
Children need 9 - 16 mg of niacin per day.
Squash - winter
Squash - summer
Lima Beans
Sweet potato
Green Pepper
Pine Nuts/Pignolias
Vitamin B5 (pantothetic acid)
Vitamin B5, also called pantothenic acid, is one of eight water-soluble B vitamins. All B vitamins help the body to convert carbohydrates into glucose (sugar), which is "burned" to produce energy. These B vitamins, often referred to as B complex vitamins, are essential in the breakdown of fats and protein. B complex vitamins also play an important role in maintaining muscle tone in the gastrointestinal tract and promoting the health of the nervous system, skin, hair, eyes, mouth, and liver.In addition to playing a role in the breakdown of fats and carbohydrates for energy, Vitamin B5 is critical to the manufacture of red blood cells as well as sex and stress-related hormones produced in the adrenal glands (small glands that sit atop of the kidneys). Vitamin B5 is also important in maintaining a healthy digestive tract and it helps the body use other vitamins (particularly B2 [riboflavin]) more effectively. It is sometimes referred to as the "anti-stress vitamin" because it is believed to enhance the activity of the immune system and improve the body's ability to withstand stressful conditions.Because of the potential for side effects and interactions with medications, dietary supplements should be taken only under the supervision of a knowledgeable healthcare provider.
Daily Needed
Fruit Sources
Vegy Sources
Nut Sources
Infants birth to 6 months: 1.7 mg Infants 6 months to 1 year: 1.8 mg Children 1 to 3 years: 2 mg Children 4 to 8 years: 3 mg Children 9 to 13 years: 4 mg Adolescents 14 to 18 years: 5 mg 19 years and older: 5 mg Pregnant females: 6 mg Lactating females: 7 mg Strawberries Crimini mushrooms,Corn yellow cooked,Broccoli steamed,Winter squash baked,Cauliflower boiled, Sunflower Seeds
Vitamin B6 (pryidoxine)
Vitamin B6 is a water-soluble vitamin that exists in three major chemical forms: pyridoxine, pyridoxal, and pyridoxamine.It performs a wide variety of functions in your body and is essential for your good health. For example, vitamin B6 is needed for more than 100 enzymes involved in protein metabolism. It is also essential for red blood cell metabolism. The nervous and immune systems need vitamin B6 to function efficiently, and it is also needed for the conversion of tryptophan (an amino acid) to niacin (a vitamin).Hemoglobin within red blood cells carries oxygen to tissues. Your body needs vitamin B6 to make hemoglobin. Vitamin B6 also helps increase the amount of oxygen carried by hemoglobin. A vitamin B6 deficiency can result in a form of anemia that is similar to iron deficiency anemia. An immune response is a broad term that describes a variety of biochemical changes that occur in an effort to fight off infections. Calories, protein, vitamins, and minerals are important to your immune defenses because they promote the growth of white blood cells that directly fight infections. Vitamin B6, through its involvement in protein metabolism and cellular growth, is important to the immune system. It helps maintain the health of lymphoid organs (thymus, spleen, and lymph nodes) that make your white blood cells. Animal studies show that a vitamin B6 deficiency can decrease your antibody production and suppress your immune response .Vitamin B6 also helps maintain your blood glucose (sugar) within a normal range. When caloric intake is low your body needs vitamin B6 to help convert stored carbohydrate or other nutrients to glucose to maintain normal blood sugar levels. While a shortage of vitamin B6 will limit these functions, supplements of this vitamin do not enhance them in well-nourished individuals .
Daily Needed
Fruit Sources
Vegy Sources
Nut Sources
According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the U.S. Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) for adult males between 19 and 50 years of age is 1.3 mg, and those over the age of 50 need 1.7 mg. Women between 19 and 50 years of age should take 1.3 mg, and those over 50 should take 1.5 mg. Pregnant women should take 1.9 mg and lactating women, 2 mg. The NIH suggests infants get 0.1 mg per day, children from 7 to 12 months get 0.3 mg; children between 1 and 3 years of age get 0.5 mg. Children from 4 to 8 years old should get 6 mg; from 9-13 years, 1 mg; teenage males 14-18 years old 1.0 mg per day, teenage females 4-18 years old 1.2 mg per day. You should always consult with your pediatrician Banana,Avocado Beans,Spinach,Tomato Walnuts,Sunflower seeds
Vitamin B9 (folacin / folic acid)
Vitamin B9, more commonly known as folate or folic acid, is a water-soluble vitamin that is part of the B vitamin family. B vitamins help support adrenal function, help calm and maintain a healthy nervous system, and are necessary for key metabolic processes. Folate occurs naturally in foods, while folic acid is the synthetic form of folate.Vitamin B9 is essential for human growth and development, encourages normal nerve and proper brain functioning, and may help reduce blood-levels of the amino acid homocysteine (elevated homocysteine levels have been implicated in increased risk of heart disease and stroke).Pregnant women have an increased need for folic acid: it supports the growth of the placenta and fetus, and helps to prevent several types of birth defects, especially those of the brain and spine. Pregnant women and women of child-bearing age should take extra caution to get enough folic acid.
Daily Needed
Fruit Sources
Vegy Sources
Nut Sources
The daily U.S. Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) is 400 micrograms for adults, 500 micrograms for breastfeeding adult women, and 600 micrograms per day for pregnant adult women.The daily RDA for children from 0 to 6 months is 65 micrograms; 7-12 months, 80 micrograms; 1-3 years, 150 micrograms; 4-8 years, 200 micrograms; 9-13 years, 300 micrograms. Bananas, melons, lemons Spinach, green vegetables ,beans,asparagus and mushrooms. na
Vitamin C
Vitamin C (also known as ascorbic acid) is abundant in vegetables and fruits. A water-soluble vitamin and powerful antioxidant, it helps the body form and maintain connective tissue, including bones, blood vessels, and skin.Many do not know all of the facts on vitamin C, which helps to repair and regenerate tissues, protect against heart disease, aid in the absorption of iron, prevent scurvy, and decrease total and LDL ("bad") cholesterol and triglycerides.
Daily Needed
Fruit Sources
Vegy Sources
Nut Sources
According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the recommended daily intake for adults is 90 mg per day for men and 75mg for women (85 mg during pregnancy, 120 mg while breastfeeding).NIH recommends Adequate Intakes (AIs) for infants between 0 and 6 months at 40 mg per day, and for infants 7 to12 months old at 50 mg per day. The U.S. Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) for children 1 to 3 years old is 15 mg per day; for children 4 to 8 years of age, 25 mg; and children 9 to 13 years old, 45 mg per day. Males between 14 to 18 years of age should take 75 mg per day; females, 65 mg. Citrus fruits (lemons, oranges),Apples,Berries,Melon (cantaloupe, honeydew, watermelon),Kiwi Asparagus,Broccoli,Cabbage,Cauliflower,dark leafy greens (kale, spinach), peppers (especially red bell peppers,which have among the highest per-serving vitamin C content), potatoes, and tomatoes. na
Vitamin D
Vitamin D, often referred to as the "sunshine vitamin," is actually a fat-soluble hormone that the body can synthesize naturally. There are several forms, including two that are important to humans: D2 and D3. Vitamin D2 (ergocalciferol) is synthesized by plants, and vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) is synthesized by humans when skin is exposed to ultraviolet-B (UVB) rays from sunlight. The active form of the vitamin is calcitriol, synthesized from either D2 or D3 in the kidneys. Vitamin D helps to maintain normal blood levels of calcium and phosphorus.
Daily Needed
Fruit Sources
Vegy Sources
Nut Sources
According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the daily Adequate Intake (AI) for adults is 5 mcg (200 IU) daily for males, female, and pregnant/lactating women under the age of 50. People 50 to 70 years old should get 10 mcg daily (400 IU) daily, and those over 70 should get 15 mcg daily (600 IU). Anyone with vitamin D deficiencies should discuss intake levels with his or her physician.According to the NIH, AI for children from birth until 50 years of age should take 5mcg per day (200 IU). na na na
Vitamin E
Vitamin E is a powerful, fat-soluble antioxidant that helps protect cell membranes against damage caused by free radicals and prevents the oxidation of LDL cholesterol. The term vitamin E encompasses a group of eight compounds, called tocopherols and tocotrienols, that comprise the vitamin complex as it is found in nature.Vitamin E is necessary for structural and functional maintenance of skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscle.
Daily Needed
Fruit Sources
Vegy Sources
Nut Sources
According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the U.S. Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) for adults older than 14-years is 15 mg (or 22.5 IU); pregnant women of any age should get 15 mg (or 22.5 IU); and breastfeeding women of any age should take 19 mg (or 28.5 IU).The NIH's RDA and Adequate Intake (AI) for children ages 1-3 years is 6 mg/day (9 IU/day); for children 4-8 years 7 mg/day (10.5 IU/day); and for children 9-13 years, 11 mg/day (16.5 IU/day). Kiwi,Mango Spinach,Broccoli,Soybean Almonds,Sunflower seeds,Hazelnuts,Peanuts,
Vitamin K
Patients on coumadin need to keep their dietary intake of vitamin K constant once they are titrated to the proper dose. A sudden change in intake can increase or decrease the level of anticoagulation with consequent risks for bleeding or thrombosis.Vitamin K is an essential nutrient necessary for blood clotting - it regulates normal blood clotting by helping the body transport calcium. Vitamin K may also be helpful for bone health: it may reduce bone loss, and decrease risk of bone fractures. It also may prevent calcification of arteries and other soft tissue.
Daily Needed
Fruit Sources
Vegy Sources
Nut Sources
Adults and children who eat a balanced diet that include leafy greens, such as Swiss chard, kale, parsley and spinach, broccoli and cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, liver, soybean oil and wheat bran will obtain enough vitamin K, and do not need supplementation.People who may benefit from supplemental vitamin K are babies (who usually get a shot of vitamin K at birth) and those with digestive diseases. na Swiss chard, kale, parsley and spinach, broccoli and cauliflower, Brussels sprouts na

UV Cancer Awareness

4. November 2009 07:38 by IKE in Ailments, Health, Natural products ingredients  //  Tags:   //   Comments (0)

With the long days of summer quickly approaching, our sun exposure is likely to increase.
While we indulge in outside activities, it is important to remember to protect our skin from the sun’s potentially damaging ultraviolet (UV) radiation. UV exposure can cause more than just sunburn. Skin cancer, premature aging, and ocular damage all have been attributed to excessive time in the sun.
Three common types of skin cancer exist, each named after the type of cell from which it arises;
basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma. More than 1 million cases of skin cancer are diagnosed annually.

1. According to the American Cancer Society, skin cancer is the most common of all cancers and accounts for nearly half of all cancers in the United States.
One in five Americans will develop skin cancer in the course of a lifetime.
2. Extended sun exposure is the leading cause of skin cancer. The effects of sun exposure are cumulative, and contrary to popular belief 80 percent of a person's lifetime sun exposure is not acquired before age 18; only about 23 percent of lifetime exposure occurs by age 18.
3. In 2004, approximately 34 percent of adults reported experiencing at least one sunburn in the previous year.
4. Even though sun exposure may be unavoidable, sunburns are preventable. The American Academy of Dermatology recommends following the “ABCs” to prevent a sunburn. “A” stands for stay  away from the sun in the middle of the day, “B” stands for block  the sun’s rays by using an SPF 15 or higher sunscreen, and “C” stands for  cover  up using protective lothing such as long sleeves and a hat.
5. NSP Natria Sunscreen SPF 30 (Stock No. 6018-2) provides  comprehensive UVA and UVB protection, and contains soothing plant extracts and antioxidants. Additional skin care products with sunscreen include: Natria Balancing Daily Defense Lotion SPF 15 (Stock No. 6006-8), Natria Nourishing Daily Defense Lotion SPF 15 (Stock No. 6005-2) and Natria Lip Balm SPF 15 (Stock No. 6019-0).
Despite the importance of the sun to vitamin D synthesis, getting vitamin D primarily from sun
exposure is not advisable. When considering the best source of vitamin D, the American Academy of Dermatology says, “Get vitamin D safely through a healthy diet that may include vitamin supplements. Don't seek the sun.”
6. Sunscreen with an SPF of 8 can inhibit more than 95 percent of vitamin D synthesis in the skin, and our ability to manufacture vitamin D from sun exposure also declines with age.
7. Experts are finding that most people would benefit from a greater amount of vitamin D than the Reference Daily Intake (RDI) of 400 IU. Considering the latest research on vitamin D, NSP Vitamin D3 (Stock No. 1155-1) provides a wonderful source of this needed nutrient. Each tablet supplies 2,000 IU.

1. American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts & Figures 2008. Atlanta: American Cancer Society; 2008.
2. Robinson JK. Sun Exposure, Sun Protection, and Vitamin D.
JAMA 2005; 294: 1541-43.
3. Godar DE, Urbach F, Gasparro FP, Van der Leun JC. UV Doses of Young Adults. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 2003, 77(4): 453-457.
4. Armstrong, B.K., and A. Kricker, How much melanoma is caused by sun exposure?, Melanoma Research, 1993: 3:395-401.
5. Available at:
6. Available at:
7. Holick MF. “Sunlight and vitamin D for bone health and prevention of autoimmune diseases, cancers, and cardiovascular disease”.

Created by: Larisa Wright
Health Sciences